A new report from the UN environment programme (UNEP) experts, the data that the environment increasingly promotes the problem of antimicrobial resistance. Antibiotic resistance, according to many scholars, already in the foreseeable future may be one of the determining factors of the reduction of human life and mass mortality.
The role of the environment in the formation and spread of antimicrobial resistance becomes more relevant, said the authors of the report. According to the head of UNEP Erica Solheim, the importance of the environment in the problem of misuse of antibiotics did not seem so significant. But now the situation has changed – the danger of the environment has increased due to an increase in emissions of pharmaceutical and industrial waste into the environment.
This practice poses a serious risk to human health, experts are convinced. The report States that find themselves in a natural environment with existing it bacterial communities, antimicrobial compounds, emitted as a waste pharmaceutical, agricultural and industrial businesses, gain the opportunity for evolution. As a result, formed more resistant strains. The use of antibiotics the mankind is growing: in agriculture, according to forecasts, the volume will increase by 67% by 2030.
Emissions of antimicrobial components in the environment of the experts associated with “potentially devastating consequences”. The report notes that sewage treatment plants can not cope with the removal of water from all getting to her antibiotics and resistant bacteria.
“Each year about 700 thousand people in the world die from drug-resistant infections as existing antimicrobials become less effective in destruction of resistant pathogens”, – said the authors, adding that this figure threatens to become even more.