Acupuncture: what is the essence of the method, working principles, advantages, and philosophical principles

The method of acupuncture makes a great contribution to the human desire to live in harmony with the environment, adapting and evolving in it. In Eastern medicine it is very important for the prevention and treatment of diseases.


What is acupuncture in Oriental medicine

Acupuncture is a main non-drug treatment method of Oriental medicine, which is based on a very important philosophical principles such as:

  • The principle of Yin and Yang
  • The principle of 5 elements (metal-wood-water-fire-earth)
  • The theory of the three constituting components of the cosmos: heaven-earth-man
  • The theory of internal human organs
  • The theory of the system of meridians and channels

What is acupuncture

All of the above principles, amounted to a full-fledged theoretical system of acupuncture. In particular, the system of meridians, which include the 12 main meridians and 8 channels, which is a network covering the length and breadth all over the body, connecting internal organs with the limbs (Yin meridians) and limbs with the internal organs (Yang meridians). All meridians pass through the areas of the head, face, or closely associated with these bodies.

On each Meridian there are special points, the so-called biologically active points through which the qi energy and blood enters and leaves.

What is the difference in the system of meridians from the system of blood vessels

The system of meridians and channels is quite different from the system of blood vessels and lymphatic system in Western medicine. On the system of meridians, channels and points to circulate qi and blood that reaches the skin and inside the body – the dense and the hollow body. Any manifestation of disease is reflected in the meridians and points. Thus, the Meridian system serves as a faithful assistant for both the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, because the ultimate goal of acupuncture is to restore the original harmony in the body.

For many thousands of years classic Oriental medical materials mention the existence of 722 points.

Currently, the total number of points has more than 1400. In addition, in certain areas of the body (ear, nose, face, hands and feet) is the point, the impact of which gives the result in the prevention and treatment of diseases. A special application of acupuncture in these areas has given rise to a new direction in acupuncture, which is called advanced acupuncture or “tan Cham” (which in translation means “new acupuncture”). Also included are methods of “nyi Cham” (acupuncture in the ear), “zien Cham” (acupuncture on the face), “Chi Cham” (acupuncture nose).

Acupuncture and moxibustion in acupuncture: what are the differences?

The concept of “acupuncture” includes acupuncture and moxibustion. Acupuncture is a method of stimulation of points using the insertion of needles and techniques to further impact on them, depending on the individual case.

Moxibustion is the use of “cigars” of wormwood or other herbs to heat areas of biologically active points for the treatment of certain types of diseases. Cautery is also called the heating and the direction of the hot air jet in the needle body at the moment when it is in the patient’s body.

How does acupuncture work

After the diagnostic procedure are determined by points and meridians on the body of the individual patient that need to influence. Then pre-treated with antiseptics space needle is introduced on the principle of from outside to inside, from little to greater depth point, while the patient will not feel the “achievement of energy” (that special feeling that occurs when precise insertion of the needle to the correct depth point). The entered depth of the needle depends on the condition and sex of the patient, and the particular time of year.

Needle length can vary from 0.5 to 20-30 cm, the Number of meridians used for treatment depends on the specific disease, the number of points on the meridians are also different in each case. There is also multipoint reception (when the needle is inserted into several points, even several meridians simultaneously).

In acupuncture, much attention is paid to the direction of the needle. For points located in large muscles, it is necessary to enter deeply and to create an angle of about 90 degrees relative to the surface of the skin. And for points located in small muscles (e.g. chest), the angle between needle and skin surface should be approximately 45 degrees. If the points are located on the face, head, the working angle is approximately 15 degrees.

Depending on the specific disease, the needle may be introduced in the direction or against the direction of Meridian.

After insertion of the needle to point to the desired depth use different methods of influence on it (mounting, rotation with immersion and incomplete extraction of the needle, vibrating the needle is inserted to the required depth, then the flick of a finger on the hilt of her vibrate), or apply moxibustion, electrical stimulation. Thus the maximum effect of the acupuncture.


The optimal duration of the procedure

Session length can last from several minutes to one hour depending on the specific disease and the patient’s condition. The average duration of treatment is 20-30 minutes.

The pros of acupuncture

  • Acupuncture affects the receptors of the sense organs and body parts through nerve segments, and thus beneficial to the regulation of the autonomic nervous system (sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system).
  • Acupuncture is able to regulate the secretion, which can cause the production of hormones such as endorphins, corticosteroids, etc.
  • Thus, based on the theory of Oriental medicine, acupuncture is increasingly used in clinical practice modern medicine around the world and brings good results.