A third of his conscious life a person spends in a dream – this fact can be found in all advertisements of beds, mattresses and pillows. Is no deception here – a comfortable sleep is very important for the health and well-being, and then not do without the right mattress.
With a variety of now there are no problems, everyone can find something suitable for yourself, if you know what you need to pay attention. To choose a mattress can be a long and meticulously – things you need to consider that the three articles are not enough to cover all the details. Therefore, we focus only on the toppings and their quality.
With springs or without?
Modern mattresses are divided into model box spring and springless. The sprung mattress is anatomic and orthopedic effect: they repeat the shape of the body and properly support the spine. Mattresses without springs, in turn, more soft, can boast massage effect and elasticity. You should choose based on personal preferences, characteristics of the body and, of course, budget.
Main types of spring units of mattresses
There are two basic types of spring units: dependent (“Bonnell”) and independent.
- In the block “Bonnel”
each spring is connected to the adjacent additional round hard wire. Its main advantage – the availability of all the spring units it is the cheapest. But due to the design of “Bonnel” is not for everyone. If a mattress lie down, it will bend not only the springs under the body, but next to them. A “hammock effect”: the movement of the person on one side of the mattress will feel the one who sleeps next to me. Couples with a large difference in the weight of lying on such a mattress will be uncomfortable.
- The independent spring block (NPB) is a more modern design. Each spring it is sewn into an individual fabric case, and covers sewn together at the sides. This allows the springs to act alone: when you lie down, bend only the spring on which it is based. Thus the anatomical effect: the mattress takes the body shape and gives the muscles to relax. The easiest BNP called TFK, abbreviated from the German “Taschen Kern Feder” – “the springs in the pockets.”
- Zoned NPB
– improved design that highlights 5 areas with springs of different stiffness. Zones, which are a heavy part of the body, filled with the stiffer springs, so the weight is evenly distributed. This allows you to remove the tension from the muscles and joints to achieve the correct position of the spine during sleep.
- Spring unit “Interactive” – the same mattress with zoning, but it works on a different principle. It staggered alternate coil springs of different diameters. A large number of springs on the bed will minimize the “hammock effect”, so this mattress will comfortably sleep two people, even with a large difference in weight.
- Newest designs: blocks “Multipaket” and “Micropacket”. Their chip – high number of springs due to their reduced diameter. “Multipaket” their 1000 on one bed, and in the “Micropacket” – 2000. The more springs in the mattress, the more springs will adapt to the contours of your body. Accordingly, higher strength and anatomical effect (and the price of the mattress).
What’s inside the mattress, if not a spring?
Springless mattresses are often soft or medium hardness. They can be monolithic (one material sewn into the cover) or contain several layers of filler. Substrate in a monolithic mattresses can be smooth or embossed, giving a massage effect.
The basis for most of springless mattresses – polyurethane foam (PUR, flexible foam). Often people confuse this name because of associations with the old foam. But we should not forget that technology has gone far ahead, and now PPU are quite different in quality than 20 years ago. For example, elastic foam Insulation that we use in the production of our sofas and mattresses, in line with European quality standards. Today foam is the most popular filler for mattresses with the spring block. It well follows the shape of the body and helps the mattress keep shape and not deform at the edges.
The filler has a value of
Each mattress in addition to a spring block, there are fillers. Sometimes one, and sometimes a layer cake, where each layer has special properties. About PPU we already wrote above, but are used in mattresses and other materials.
- The felt is fairly well known to all the filler of a mixture of fibers. It is dense and durable, retains heat well and protects the mattress from damage both outside and inside.
- Latex is a natural material, which is made of heat treated and foam the juice of rubber trees. This material is primarily elastic and elastic. It is soft, but not deformed and quickly recovers. Latex does not cause allergies, is well ventilated, it does not infest insects and does not stay wet. The material is expensive, so most often latex is used together with other fillers or replaced by a synthetic analog. Artificial latex properties differs very little from the natural, but it is more rigid.
- Coconut coir is another natural material that is made from coconut fibres with latex dipping. Its main feature – a rough structure, and most of the coconut is used to give the mattress rigidity. It does not rot, it does not infest insects, and often this material does not cause allergies (excluding allergic to coconut). Its main disadvantage – high cost. Therefore, many companies use Bi-Coconut – mixture of natural fibers with synthetic.
- Very similar in properties to the fiber material sisal fibers, which receive the leaves of the Agave. The filler of sisal is tough and durable, yet lightweight with good breathability. In the same way as the coconut fiber does not rot and does not cause allergies.
Even as fillers use camel wool, dried seaweed, horsehair, buckwheat husk and other natural and synthetic materials. For example, a foam of memory foam that responds to body heat and receiving its form, such as Gel Supertouch and Memory naturalis.
What do the covers of mattresses?
Gradually from the middle of the mattresses we got to the shell. The design of the spring unit and fillers without ever fitted by a fabric cover consisting of two quilted fabric layers with a thin layer.
- The most popular material for mattress covers – knit, treated with antistatic and antibacterial impregnations. This material is elastic, soft to the touch and is a long time.
- Also, you can often find covers in cotton jacquard, which is slightly less elastic but more resistant to mechanical damage. There is such an unusual material tinsel a natural fabric, created from eucalyptus raw material. It is expensive and rarely used, but has natural antibacterial properties.
- As the filler used a few materials. “Hollofayber” – a synthetic fiber made from polyester, twisted in the form of springs. Such a filler does not absorb moisture and odors, and also holds heat well and looks nice in a quilted form.
- “Section” – material from a mixture of wool and polyester, good heat-trapping, moisture-wicking and eliminates static electricity.
- Another popular material – “bamboo fiber”, which, actually, also on three quarters consists of polyesterol. The fibres of the young bamboo stem durable and perfect moisture transport – due to the porous structure, the material quickly absorbs and evaporates moisture.
As you can see, it is now possible to find mattresses with any fillers and combinations thereof, the main thing to understand which is right for you. Remember the main rule of choosing a mattress: it depends on perceptions and needs someone who will sleep.